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Researchers, journalists and industry leaders worldwide look to Patients Beyond Borders as the most authoritative resource for current, reliable data on international health travel and patient choice for high-quality, affordable medical care. We can help you find the right contacts for your story: leading international hospitals and clinics, practitioners, patients, medical travel agencies, employers, or insurers with compelling accounts about their personal and professional experiences.


Visit our Facts & Figures page for current information on the medical tourism market and top destinations.

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With medical tourism still in its early stages, gaining reliable data is challenging. Our research and editorial team works hard to assemble 

the most accurate, current information on international medical travel, global healthcare, and the international patient experience.

Below, we have compiled brief answers to some of the queries we receive most often. Members of the media, research and academic communities are invited to contact us with specific questions or concerns—we’re happy to work with you to provide the best source information, third-party references, patient case studies, industry contacts, and the latest research data. Or write to us directly: media at

What are

the top destinations?

Costa Rica, India, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, United States

We are happy to provide detailed comparative cost data, by country and procedure to members of the media, upon request.

What are the top destinations?

Top Destinations Icon

Why these destinations?

The making of a world-class healthcare destination is complex.  We consider a variety of factors, including:


  • Government and private sector investment in healthcare infrastructure

  • Demonstrable commitment to international accreditation, quality assurance, and transparency of outcomes

  • International patient flow

  • Potential for cost savings on medical procedures

  • Political transparency and social stability

  • Excellent tourism infrastructure

  • Sustained reputation for clinical excellence

  • History of healthcare innovation and achievement

  • Successful adoption of best practices and state-of-the-art medical technology

  • Availability of internationally-trained, experienced medical staff

Why these destinations?

Why These Destinations Icon

What are the top specialties for medical travelers?

  • Cosmetic surgery

  • Dentistry (general, restorative, cosmetic)

  • Cardiovascular (angioplasty, CABG, transplants)

  • Orthopedics (joint and spine; sports medicine)

  • Cancer (often experimental or last resort)

  • Reproductive (fertility, IVF, women's health)

  • Weight loss (LAP-BAND, gastric bypass)

  • Scans, tests, health screenings and second opinions.

What are the top specialties for medical travelers?

Top Specialities Icon

Is the market growing?

Yes. The world population is aging and becoming more affluent at rates that surpass the availability of quality healthcare resources. In addition, out-of-pocket medical costs of critical and elective procedures continue to rise, while nations offering universal care are faced with ever-increasing resource burdens. These drivers are forcing patients to pursue cross-border healthcare options either to save money or to avoid long waits for treatment. We estimate the worldwide medical tourism market is growing at a rate of 15-25%, with inbound patient flows highest in Mexico, Southeast and South Asia.

Is the market growing?

Market Growing Icon

How big is the market?

Arriving at a precise, reliable answer is challenging, particularly in the midst of the global coronavirus pandemic, which cleaned the data slate in 2020 and beyond. 

Most in the international travel and healathcare communities agree that patient flows will eventually return to pre-pandemic levels. Thus it's useful to note that Patients Beyond Borders pegged the 2019 medical tourism market size at USD $74-92 billion, based on approximately 21-26 million cross-border patients worldwide spending an average of USD $3550 per visit, including medically-related costs, cross-border and local transport, inpatient stay and accommodations. We estimated some 2.1 million Americans traveled outside the US for medical care in 2019.


Current trends:

  • We are seeing fewer patients traveling for more expensive care. For example, while patients appear hesitant to cross borders for simple procedures (such as dental fillings, vision care, screenings and the like), during the worst of the pandemic, thousands drifted into acute, costly conditions requiring expensive treatment. Healthcare consumers driven by cost considerations are seeking destinations known for offering high-quality, affordable treatment.

  • The increased availability and patient comfort with telehealth appear to have enhanced the willingness of patients to research, compare costs, select providers and travel internationally for all types of medical care. 


Note: Patients Beyond Borders’ editors define a medical traveler as anyone who travels across international borders for the purpose of receiving medical care. We do not count in-country expatriates, tourists in need of emergency medical care, companions accompanying medical travelers, or multiple patient episodes that occur over the course of one medical visit. 

As borders begin to re-open around the world, we are happy to provide up-to-the minute insights as well as data as it becomes available.

How big is the market?

Market Size Icon

How much can you save?

Using US costs across a variety of specialties and procedures as a benchmark, average range of savings for the most-traveled destinations:


Brazil: 20-30% | Costa Rica: 45-65% | India: 65-90% | Malaysia: 65-80% | Mexico: 40-65% | Singapore: 25-40% | South Korea: 30-45% | Taiwan: 40-55% | Thailand: 50-75% | Turkey: 50-65%

Detailed comparative cost data, by country and procedure available to media, research, academic communities upon request.

How much can you save?

Savings Icon

What is international accreditation?

Trusted international accreditation has become one of the biggest drivers in the growth of the medical tourism market. Responding to global demand for accreditation standards, the US-based Joint Commission launched its international affiliate agency in 1999, the Joint Commission International (JCI). In order to be accredited by the JCI, an international hospital must meet the same set of rigorous standards set forth in the US by the Joint Commission. More than 950 hospitals and clinical departments around the world have now been awarded JCI accreditation and that number is growing by about 20% per year.

More recently, established agencies that accredit outpatient clinics, such as The Accreditation Association of Ambulatory Health Care (AAAHC) and The American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities (AAASF) have launched international initiatives that address ambulatory care.

What is international accreditation?

Accreditation Icon


Welcome to the Alluring World of Medical Tourism



3 JAN 24

“Once the domain of the rich and famous, heading to exotic destinations for cosmetic treatment is now accessible to a wider range of patients seeking quality, affordable care,” says Patients Beyond Borders CEO Josef Woodman, " <Read more>

A Luxury Vacation and a New Jawline



2 JAN 2024

According to Patients Beyond Borders, health care travel is believed to be growing at a rate of roughly 15% to 25% a year and is led by cosmetic surgery, while the International Society of Plastic Surgeons (ISAPS) reported that plastic surgery procedures grew by 11.2% overall, representing more than 14.9 million procedures performed worldwide in 2022. <Read more>

Mexico's allure for medical tourism


21 APRIL 2023

"Whatever kind of treatment they are getting, patients need to do their homework. The good, high-quality clinics are out there, but there are also unscrupulous clinics that will grab patients with low prices," says Josef Woodman, CEO of Patients Beyond Borders. <Read more>

Medical Tourism to Mexico in Spotlight


15 MARCH 2023

Josef Woodman, founder of Patients Beyond Borders, a North Carolina-based consulting firm for the medical tourism industry, told The New York Times that since the kidnappings were so prominent in the news and on social media platforms, he has been inundated with calls and emails from people interested in seeking medical care across the border. None expressed concern about the violence, he said. <Read more>

El turismo médico en México va en aumento, pero también implica riesgos

8 MARCH 2023

Woodman dijo que la violencia contra los turistas que van en busca de atención médico era extremadamente inusual, pero añadió que "buscar mejores precios" o buscar el lugar más barato para un procedimiento es un "presagio de problemas", es decir, una atención médica deficiente. <Read more>

How a trip to Mexico for cosmetic surgery turned deadly for US quartet

8 MARCH 2023

In early 2020, Americans could on average save 40% to 60% by having major surgery done in Mexico, according to a report from the consumer watchdog Patients Beyond Borders. Those figures have only increased amid US inflation and spiralling insurance companies’ deductibles, co-pays and exclusions. <Read more>

Why do people in the U.S. cross into Mexico for health care?

8 MARCH 2023

"People in the United States need access to cost-effective medical care," Woodman said. '"The U.S. has priced itself out of the market." <Read more>

Medical Tourism Makes a Great Contribution to Mexico's Economic Growth

10 FEBRUARY 2023

According to data from Patients Beyond Borders, in 2019, between 1.4 million and 3 million foreigners traveled to Mexico for medical purposes, which positions the country as the second in the world for health tourism, only below Thailand. <Read more>

Kiplinger's Personal Finance: Health care bargains abroad

4 JANUARY 2023

Stick with accredited facilities, says Josef Woodman, CEO of Patients Beyond Borders, a medical tourism consulting agency. Where you find reputable, affordable facilities, you’ll also find even cheaper clinics that set up shop next door looking to entice clients with less-expensive, inferior care, he says. <Read more>

‘Medical tourists’ are travelling the world in search of the elixir of life

5 MAY 2022

[Medical tourism] remains a gigantic industry. According to Patients Beyond Borders, the global medical tourism market was worth $74bn-$92bn (£59bn-£73bn) in 2019. <Read more>

6 Things to Know About Medical Tourism


3 MAY 2022

"Patients Beyond Borders, an international medical tourism publication, reports that patients save up to 80 percent on physical and dental surgeries when they opt to have them done internationally." <Read more>

Surgery backlog prompts Winnipeg man to get knee replacement overseas


21 NOVEMBER 2021

"We expect to see nothing but growth figures for medical tourism [post-pandemic], especially with the growth of telehealth. People have become a lot more comfortable with remote health," said Woodman. <Read more>

American Health Tourists Active


4 AUGUST 2021

When many Americans think of medical travel, they might imagine pricey cosmetic surgery in an "exotic" destination like Bangkok. But for a growing number, medical travel means heading south of the border to Mexico for dental treatment. <Read more>

Medical Travel Rebound: What to Know


21 JULY 2021

Since winter, Medical Departures has enjoyed a large-scale recovery. “U.S. traffic of patients at this point is roughly the same as it was before the pandemic,” says Pope. “And in dollar terms it’s actually up by 20% to 50%, depending on who you ask. It’s people who’ve deferred larger treatments.” <Read more>>>

International Medical Travel Rebounds to Pre-Pandemic Levels


15 JULY 2021

“Most U.S. outbound traffic today is border travel by car,” said Josef Woodman, author of 'Patients Beyond Borders.' “People feel safer, and there are many repeat customers. Many have been going for years, all the way from Texas to California.” <Read more>>>

‘Shot Trips’ To Dubai, Florida, Tel Aviv, Havana: Covid-19 Vaccine Tourism Takes Off


14 FEBRUARY 2021

Global medical tourism guide Patients Beyond Borders reported that Mexico and Costa Rica are the most popular destinations for dental care, cosmetic surgery and prescription medicines while Thailand, India and South Korea take the lead for more complicated procedures such as orthopedics, cardiovascular, cancer and fertility treatment. <Read more>>>

Why Medical Tourism Is Drawing Patients, Even in a Pandemic


19 JANUARY 2021

“Our market has always been what I call the ‘working poor’ and they just keep getting poorer,” said Josef Woodman, the chief executive of Patients Beyond Borders. “The pandemic has gutted low-income and middle-class people around the world and for many of them the reality is that they have to travel to access affordable health care.” Read more>>>

Medical Tourism Was Booming In Mexican Border Towns. Then Came The Coronavirus.


6 OCTOBER 2020

“It’s devastating” to local economies, Woodman said. “It’s not just the dentists and the clinics. It’s the transportation people, it’s the restaurant people. Their livelihood is 100% all about medical and dental tourism or pharma tourism."”

On the Texas border amid coronavirus, families are seeking medical care in Mexico



Medical tourism to Mexican border cities has been common for years, since treatment in the U.S. can cost more than twice than it does in Mexico and medicines can be up to 10 times more expensive in the U.S.  Read more>>>

Cruzar la frontera hacia México es la esperanza de muchos en Estados Unidos para conseguir cuidados médicos



La organización Patients Beyond Borders estima que en los centros médicos de México es posible ahorrar desde el 40% hasta el 65% de lo que costaría un tratamiento del lado estadounidense.  Read more>>>

What a Korean Teenage Fashion Trend Reveals About the Culture of Mask-Wearing


11 AUGUST 2020

“That’s what worked in the United States: a ‘me’ culture and the rugged individualist heading West in their wagon trains. All that is still part of the iconic image of Americans,” Woodman says. “And it’s not working so well for us right now.” Read more>>>

Medical Tourism to Sonora Plunges Due to COVID-19


30 JULY 2020

Americans are now traveling to Mexico mainly for complex care, like implants, to treat problems that have become impossible to ignore. "People put it off, then five months later it turns into an emergency situation,” Woodman said. “The ones that were in trouble in December are desperate.”  Read more>>>

Patients pack bags as dental tourism resumes



16 JULY 2020

 “It’s safe to say that at least 100,000 patients cancelled their medical or dental trips in March, with some 500,000 cancellations on the horizon through [to the end of September] 2020 going to see some interesting changes along this front," Woodman said.  Read more>>>

Will Coronavirus Impact The Future Of Medical Tourism? Thousands Forced To Cancel Trips Amid COVID-19 Outbreak


APRIL 2020

 "I think we're going to see some interesting changes along this front," he said. "Tele-health has instantly become baked into the system overnight. They have to use it, whether it's tele-diagnostics or physician consultations, tele-therapy." Read more>>>

Medical tourism: how is digital tech reshaping the industry?


4 MARCH 2020

“Remote physician-to-physician consultation enables in-country diagnosis and treatment planning,” wrote Patients Beyond Borders founder and CEO Josef Woodman “This remote partnership builds in-country medical capacity and helps patients that do need to travel for a procedure better prepare for treatment and access greater support upon their return home.” Read more>>>

My Journey Through Tijuana for the Best Surgery $2,000 Can Buy


18 FEBRUARY 2020

" companies dictate what kind of treatment you need to receive, and that’s what the doctor follows. But in Mexico, it’s not like that.”  Read more>>>

Mexico Insurance Company Rolls Out "Medical Tourism" Coverage for American Seeking Affordable Treatment South of the Border


27 JANUARY 2020

According to PBB, Americans traveling to Mexico could save as much as 40 to 60 percent on treatments.However, Woodman warned: "You don't want to just jump in a car and get stopped and realize you should have bought insurance."  Read more>>>

Worth the Trip?  A Look at Dental Tourism


20 JANUARY 2020

Dentists may encounter patients who are interested in dental tourism. While they should not immediately discourage the idea, all dentists should insist on one central point: Do your research.  Read more>>>

In India, Westerners are fuelling a gender affirmation surgery boom



“Around 15 years ago, India established itself as a destination for orthopaedics and cardiology. But today, it is becoming well-known for reliable high-quality care in almost every specialty and super specialty.” Read more>>>

Why So Many People Have to Travel for IVF Treatment


25 NOVEMBER 2019

"American patients can save 30-65 percent by crossing borders for fertility treatment, at clinics, such as Barbados Fertility Center (Barbados); BNH Hospital (Thailand); Centro Fecundar (Costa Rica); LIV Fertility Center (Mexico)," says Woodman. Read More>>>

Welcome to Molar City, Mexico, The Dental Mecca America’s Health Care Costs Built


14 NOVEMBER 2019

Nobody wants to travel for care to a far-flung land and be in pain without relatives and loved ones around,” he [Woodman] said. “They’re being forced into it financially and by the shortcomings of the system.  Read More>>>

'It's a no-brainer': Spokane couple saves $4,500 with Mexico 'dental vacation'


12 NOVEMBER 2019

More people are traveling out of the country for dental treatment but dentists are warning of the risks...Mexico is a top destination and dental work is a top reason. The trips are often called "medical vacations" or "dental tourism." Read More>>>

6 Key Things to Do If You’re Traveling Outside the U.S. for Plastic Surgery



Josef Woodman, CEO of the medical travel resource Patients Beyond Borders, acknowledges that though there are highly distinguished medical schools in popular medical tourism locales such as Thailand, India, Korea and Mexico, properly vetting doctors without certification in those regions is just too complicated for the average consumer.  Read More >>>

Are High Health Costs Really Forcing Americans to Go Overseas?


21 OCTOBER 2019

According to Patients Beyond Borders, a group that promotes medical tourism, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the most common procedures that Americans seek overseas are cosmetic, dental, cardiac, and bariatric.  Read More >>>

US 'medical tourists' seek cheap health care abroad


14 OCTOBER 2019

The United States itself receives health tourists -- its highly advanced health care system appeals to patients with massive purchasing power from Arab and Asian countries. But that is a luxury Merrill cannot afford. Read More >>>

Beauty Tourism is a Quietly Flourishing Global Industry


3 OCTOBER 2019

 "Many countries are known for a particular category of treatment," Woodman says. "If you're seeking cosmetic surgery, Mexico, Costa Rica and Thailand rank among the most popular destinations. Dentistry will have you exploring Mexico, Costa Rica or Hungary."  Read More>>

Медицинская утопия для Севастополя


02 октября 2019

По данным Patients Beyond Borders, около 8 миллионов пациентов со всего мира каждый год обращаются за зарубежным лечением, внося свой вклад в глобальную индустрию. При этом многие страны стремятся предложить высококачественную медицинскую помощь по хорошей цене.  читати більше>>>

A Memphis life, saved in India



Willy’s experience has been labeled medical tourism, and Patients Beyond Borders estimates that 1.9 million Americans will travel out of the country for medical care in 2019.....Willy didn’t any more travel to India for the temple tours and curry than families travel to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital for Graceland and barbecue.  Read More>>

Estadounidenses ‘migran’ a México ¡para curarse!; crece turismo médico


27 AUGUST 2019

 “Por lo general, está más cerca del 70 por ciento”, explicó Josef Woodman, CEO de Patients Beyond Borders. “Especialmente cuando vas por un tratamiento complejo”.  Leer mas>>

Expertise in oncology puts Malaysia on medical tourism map


9 JULY 2019

"Data by Patients Beyond Borders shows that foreigners seeking treatment in Malaysia can enjoy average savings of between 60% and 80% on procedures such as CABG, valve replacement with bypass, total hip replacement, total knee replacement, gastric bypass, implant-supported dentures, full facelift, rhinoplasty and others. In comparison, Singapore offers cost savings of 25% to 40% and Mexico, 40% to 60%." Read More >>

The Worst Patients in the World


JULY 2019

“In most of the world, what the doctor says still goes. ‘Doctors are more deified in other countries; patients follow orders,’ says Josef Woodman, the CEO of Patients Beyond Borders, a consulting firm that researches international health care. He contrasts this with the attitude of his grown children in the U.S.: ‘They don’t trust doctors as far as they can throw them.’” Read More >>

Juarez’s medical tourism plummets as bridge wait times grow


5 JUNE 2019

“Medical tourism is one of Mexico’s multi-billion-dollar industries and one of the main lures of border cities like Juarez, Tijuana and Laredo for American visitors. According to the web page of Patients Beyond Borders, a medical travel organization, in 2016 medical tourism contributed $4.6 billion to Mexico’s economy. The reason? Cheaper prices.” Read More >>

Thousands of Americans Are Crossing the Border into Mexico Every Year to Get Affordable Medical Treatment


18 MAY 2019

“A treatment plan he estimated would cost $15,900 in the U.S. ended up costing Woodman $4,010 in Mexico. “So, I saved about $10,000,” he said. “And that is not unusual. You can save a lot of money.” Read More >>

Medical tourism a cheaper alternative to surgery in the states but risks accompany the rewards


25 APRIL 2019

“Through Woodman’s 12 years of work with internationally accredited hospitals, Ministries of Health, doctors and specialists, Patients Beyond Borders compiled a short list of the most-traveled destinations and the average range of savings per procedure.” Read More >>

Medical Korea 2019 Reveals South Korea at the Forefront of “Fourth Generation Healthcare


9 APRIL 2019

“It is perhaps here, at the crossroads of hyper-innovation in healthcare and common-sense preventive approaches to physical and mental well-being, where Korea has the greatest opportunity to excel, adapt and compete on the global healthcare stage in improving medical outcomes and patient satisfaction to the good of all.”   Read More >>

I had my misgivings about going abroad for surgery


28 MARCH 2019

“Patients Beyond Borders, a publisher of guidebooks for ‘medical tourists’ estimates that more than 20 million people will travel to another country for medical treatment this year, up 25% from 16 million last year. Meanwhile, a 2016 report by payments giant Visa estimated that the medical tourism industry was worth $50bn a year, and continuing to grow.”   


Where care counts more than money


26 JANUARY 2019

“Famous for specialised treatments and anti-ageing programmes, Thailand ranks among the top 10 medical tourism destinations, along with Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, Mexico, Israel, Costa Rica, India and Turkey, according to Patients Beyond Borders. It’s home to 64 hospitals accredited by Joint Commission International, which assures visitors safety and high-quality standards—the highest number in Asean and the fourth in the world.”   Read More>>

They went to Mexico for surgery. They came back with a deadly superbug.


23 JANUARY 2019

“According to Patients Beyond Borders, a medical tourism guidebook, 1.7 million Americans traveled to other countries in 2017 for medical care, and that number is expected to increase. Many, such as Capone, travel to save money. Mexico is among the top 10 destinations.”   Read More>>

 Medical Tourists: Incoming and Outgoing




"Now, many medical tourists are going the other way—from the United States to other countries to receive health care. In 2007, it is estimated that 750,000 Americans traveled to other countries for health care. In 2017, more than 1.4 million Americans sought health care in a variety of countries around the world" Read More>>

Dallas radio interview on El Paso patient’s tragic outcome


14 NOVEMBER 2018

Josef Woodman speaks with KRLD Dallas’s Mitch Carr about the importance of licensed medical providers and facility accreditation in light of the 30 October tragedy at a cosmetic clinic in Juarez, Mexico.  Listen Here>>

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